In a report in Gulf News: It is stated that increased trade and investment could boost growth in Iran's banking sector and support asset quality of domestic banks, although such improvements would depend on the strengthening of banks' capital levels and the implementation of structural reforms, credit rating agency Moody's said on 9 September.
"We see significant upside potential for Iranian banks from increased economic activity if sanctions are lifted. This could include new regional business opportunities relating to trade finance, letters of credit and new investments and infrastructure projects," said Constantinos Kypreos, a senior credit officer at Moody's.
Moody's said that if and when sanctions are lifted, more than half of the official reserves which are currently frozen - estimated by the Institute of International Finance (IIF (at $92 billion - may be used, for example, to recapitalise government-owned banks or be invested in building the country's infrastructure.
"Recapitalisation is much needed to unlock the growth potential of the Iranian banking sector," said Kypreos. "The repatriation of frozen assets, and potential interest from foreign investors and financial institutions, would also allow domestic banks to strengthen their solvency levels," he said.
Banks domiciled in countries with close ties and trade links to Iran, such as the UAE and Lebanon, but potentially also Western, Chinese and Indian banks, would likely be attracted to Iran's diversified economy and significant trade flows, Moody's said.
"We anticipate increased longer-term business opportunities for Dubai banks if the Iranian economy opens up, particularly given the private sector nature of the Dubai economy and its strengths as a logistics hub," said Khalid Howladar, senior credit officer at Moody's.
"In addition, a rise in inward investments from Iranian nationals could moderate the impact of the softening real estate market in Dubai," he said.
Although the banking sector in Iran offer opportunities, physical expansion into Iran would pose greater risks, according to Moody's analysts. The rating agency said that the operating and geopolitical environment is risky and would expose foreign banks to the asset quality issues inherent to emerging economies undergoing fast transformation, and would require prudent risk control and oversight.
Moody's alos notes that the entire Iranian banking system is Sharia-compliant and is currently the largest among countries practicing Islamic finance. "Given the sheer size of the banking system and the country's financing needs, we expect a major boost to sukuk volumes,: said Howladar. "However, Sharia harmonisation across jurisdictions would likely remain difficult," he said.